Kids with guns: Should the armed forces encourage young people to interact with weapons and military vehicles?


Leicester

Members of Leicester for Peace/Leicester Against War and Civic Leicester have grown concerned in recent years about the presence of Army recruiting stalls in Leicester city centre and with young children encouraged to handle weapons and sit in and play on military vehicles.

Documenting

For several years, they documented this activity, sharing the photos on social media and with civil society organisations working for peace and social justice. Their Facebook photo albums included links to resources including a report by public health charity Medact on the health impacts of early enlistment and a letter from child and human rights groups to the Ministry of Defence regarding the recruitment of minors.

People in Leicester are aware of the militarisation that is taking place around them and they are responding to it by documenting the militarisation, by questioning it, and by looking to reduce the harms that are caused by the presence of armed men on the streets of the city.It is highly likely that this campaign will continue for as long as the institutions that are driving the militarisation continue to do so because Leicester has a long history of campaigning for peace. For example, there was a significant anti-war movement in the city in the run-up to the First World War. The city also has significant numbers of people who were conscientious objectors during World War I and II. And, in the 1980s, Leicester declared itself a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

The city is currently part of Mayors for Peace, an international organisation of cities dedicated to the promotion of peace that was established in 1982 as part of the response to the death and destruction that was wrought on Hiroshima and Nagasaki when, in August 1945, the United States used atomic bombs on the cities destroying them and killing over 140,000 people.

The city has also been identified as having had a profound influence on one member of the team from the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) which was awarded the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of the work it put into preparing and promoting the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The treaty seeks to make nuclear weapons illegal and was adopted by 122 countries in the United Nations in July 2017.

Ambrose Musiyiwa from Leicester in an interview with Peace News

As the recruitment activities were taking place, members of the peace groups distributed leaflets and talked to passers-by about what was happening and what their concerns were, and giving a more critical perspective about joining the military than that presented by the Army personnel.

As well as their ‘War Hurts Everybody’ placard, they produced signs about recruiting under 18s, militarism and more. These were generally well received by passersby, some of whom would join in. On one occasion, a young man signed papers with the army at their stall, then came over to talk to the group and took their leaflet as well as a ‘Before You Sign Up’ card (this gives the information of a website providing balanced information about joining the forces).

As well as reaching out to people in the town centre at the time of the recruitment activities, the group also raised the issue in the local paper. This is an effective way to alert local decision-makers to concern as well as the wider public.

Get support

Civic Leicester also provided ideas of what people could do if they wanted to take action on the issue. For example, they suggested that people contact their councillor and MP and ask them to insist:

  • That the army stops displaying military hardware and weapons in public spaces in Leicester
  • That no child under the age of 18 should be allowed to handle weapons at army recruitment drives in Leicester and
  • That the age at which young people can join the army should be raised from 16 to 18 years.
  • Leicester City Council must give notice of these recruitment drives so that parents and carers can choose to avoid them.

They included details for where people can find their councillor and MP’s contact details. They also highlighted that the army was ‘actively targeting children and young people’ in ‘schools, community centres and public places’ while civilian provision for young people was being ‘slashed’, such as ‘schools, community centres, youth centres and adventure playgrounds.

Other groups

The Leicester group conduct a peace vigil every Friday afternoon in the town centre, engaging the local community on many issues and offering an alternative to the Army’s recruitment displays. Sometimes they partner with other groups such as Veterans for Peace UK and Leicester CND to witness the activities and give out information.

In addition, the group are in touch with their local National Education Union branch, and organised a public meeting to debate Army recruitment activities in the town centre with speakers from the union, the local university, Forceswatch, and from the council’s events team.

One of the results of this engagement with the NEU has been the development of a consultation of Leicester headteachers, on the recruitment of children into the armed forces, military recruitment in schools and the provision of balanced perspectives when the military conduct activities in schools.

This may lead to further action from the NEU, as well as developing awareness among Leicester school leaders of recruitment initiatives in schools, and the child rights concerns associated how the armed forces engage with young people.

A local charter

Leicester for Peace/Leicester against War have developed and promoted the ‘Leicester Charter on the reduction of the militarisation of children and young people’. The aim of the Charter is to build awareness and active support across diverse local communities for initiatives that limit the exposure of young people to military promotional and recruitment activities. Amongst other things, it asks that ‘no child under the age of 18 be allowed to handle guns at these military displays’.

As a local community response that mirrors the Armed Forces Covenant in its format of asking people to pledge support, the Charter is a powerful call for an ethics-based approach that has limited and reasonable ‘asks’.

The  Charter was constructed as a Google Doc form, so people could easily add their signature. They met once every year to discuss progress and update the Charter.

The 2017 Leicester Charter on the reduction of the militarisation of children and young people

We are people of all faiths and none.

We are concerned that young people are growing up in a society that glorifies violence and in which violence is shown as the only way to resolve conflict. This is evident on television, in film, through video games and by the Government’s use of military force.

We appreciate that in families we have long outlawed violent control and recognise that for young people to grow into confident, thoughtful and caring adults they need to be nurtured and provided with positive role models.

We are concerned at the increasing presence of the army in schools and in Humberstone Gate where the army shows off its big trucks and helicopters and invites children as young as three to stand behind huge guns and look through the sites at what they might shoot.

We object to this normalisation of violence in our city centres and in our schools. People are not going to these places to seek out a show of military strength. Instead, they are caught unawares … ‘ambushed’, if you like … by these large displays, given no prior notice of their arrival and therefore unable to avoid them. 

We ask that the local council advertise such displays well in advance so that people can avoid them if they choose to. 

We ask that no child under the age of 18 be allowed to handle guns at these military displays.

May 15th is Conscientious Objectors Day when we remember the thousands of people, past and present, who have refused to fight and kill.

Every year on this day we will review the charter and look for the next step.

Young people matter. They are the future.

The council

As a document with support from different parts of the community, the Leicester Charter has proved to be effective in helping to raise the issue of military recruitment activities with weapons and military vehicles with the local council. The Mayor of Leicester acknowledged the concerns and agreed a change in practice regarding the age at which young people would be able to handle the weapons:

Leaflet given out to the public in Leicester

The Council of course understands that there are very differing views about such displays. As a Council, we have signed the national Armed Forces Covenant to show our respect and support for the work that the Armed Forces do, however we fully appreciate the concerns your raise regarding glorification of violence amongst young people particularly.

‘Our Festival and Events Team who are responsible for managing bookings of city centre spaces have agreed that they will make it a condition of any future bookings by the Armed Forces that they do not allow anyone who is not old enough to join the armed forces to handle any weaponry.’

Despite the Mayor’s commitment regarding the minimum age for handling weaponry, the peace group subsequently witnessed and photographed young children handling weapons at a town centre recruitment event. They sent evidence to the Mayor, who had asked them to let him know if the Army were not complying.

The subsequent response from someone in the events team rather than the Mayor himself was less encouraging. The response added the caveat that children too young to join the military couldn’t handle weaponry ‘without parental consent’. This is however, already the Army’s position.

The group reminded the Mayor and events team of the discrepancy in their responses. They were assured by the Mayor that his initial email did still stand, with no ‘parental consent’ caveat.

Yet for a while, the military were still subsequently seen on the streets of Leicester with young children handling weaponry. The group continued to monitor this and push for the council to enforce their policy.

Success!

At the end of May 2019, the Leicester group again went to watch the military recruitment on the streets – and found, finally, that their advocacy had achieved its desired results: the City Council had enforced their new policy regarding children handling weapons. There were no big armed vehicles, and the only guns there were displayed at the back of a gazebo – and the personnel were not allowing children to handle them. They wrote to the Mayor to thank him ‘for protecting children and young people in this way and for reducing the spectacle of gun promotion.’

The group will continue to monitor military activities and ensure that the policy is being adhered to.

A recent freedom of information request shows that Leicester Council still considered it policy for no-one under the age of recruitment to handle weapons ‘without parental consent’. The Leicester group will again be re-approaching the Council to remind them of the agreed policy, which does not include the ‘parental consent’ caveat and that the detail of the policy is understood throughout the council.