resources: military in society

white poppiesA range of materials, history and reflections about the white poppy and what is symbolises - remembering the dead and hope for a culture of peace. From the Peace Pledge Union.


Anna Stavrianakis

ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies,Volume 8, issue 3, 2009

Arms company and military involvement with schools and universities in the UK takes a number of forms and has a variety of effects. Countering mainstream narratives around national security, good and bad forms of globalisation, and economic competitiveness, Stavrianakis argues that these effects are best characterised as the commercialisation and militarisation of education in pursuit of state and corporate goals. These are both forms of instrumentalisation that damage the autonomous space educational establishments strive to provide. Such developments are not going unnoticed however, and resistance to them continues.


In this report, the think-tank Ekklesia, argue that Remembrance Day needs to be re-imagined to make it more inclusive, more truthful and more meaningful for future generations, says this report. This would include an honest acknowledgement that some did “die in vain”, an end to “selective remembrance”, a positive stress on peacemaking, and making Armistice Day a bank holiday.

The report follows the death of the 'last Tommy', Harry Patch from World War 1, who sadly described current patterns of Remembrance Day as “just show business”.


Nick Turse  

Rick believes that, despite its long reach, the military-industrial complex is a discrete entity far removed from his everyday life. Now, if this were 1961, when outgoing President Dwight D. Eisenhower warned the country about the "unwarranted influence" of the "military-industrial complex" and the "large arms industry" already firmly entrenched in the United States, Rick might be right. After all, he doesn't work for one of the Pentagon's corporate partners, like arms maker Lockheed Martin. He isn't in the Army Reserve. He's never attended a performance of the Marine Corps band (not to mention the Army's, Navy's, or Air Force's music groups). But today's geared-up, high-tech Complex is nothing like the olive-drab outfit of Eisenhower's day: It reaches deeper into American lives and the American psyche than Eisenhower could ever have imagined. The truth is that, at every turn, in countless, not-so-visible ways Rick's life is wrapped up with the military.

military in society
May 2008

Report of Inquiry into the National Recognition of the Armed Forces published by the Labour Government in 2008. The report was concerned with measures to

increase the recognition that we give to our Armed Forces - including wearing uniforms in public, the idea of a national Armed Forces Day, greater support for homecoming parades, and an expansion of cadet forces, which we know bring benefit to the Armed Forces and young people alike...[involving] local authorities, voluntary bodies, the private sector and, above all, the people up and down the country who devote their time to running cadet units or military charities, or who need another way of expressing their appreciation for what our Armed Forces do for us.

It made forty recommendations for 'increasing visibility', 'improving contact', 'building understanding' and 'encouraging support' for the Armed Forces.

In October 2008 the Government response indicated how each measure identified in the Inquiry report would be addressed.

military in society

Diana Francis, Pluto Press, 2004.


Peace has been a dream from generation to generation. It is my dream. Why does it prove so illusive? I believe that war is more than a sign that so far we have failed to achieve our dream but that it is integral to a system that makes peace impossible. If peace is ever to become a reality, it is a prime necessity to deconstruct the myth of war’s necessity, legitimacy and power for good.

military in society

Rachel Woodward, 2004

Military Geographies is about how local space, place, environment and landscape are shaped by military presence, and about how wider geographies are touched by militarism.

  • A book about how local space, place, environment and landscape are shaped by military presence, and about how wider geographies are touched by militarism.
  • Sets a new agenda for the study of military geography with its critical analysis of the ways in which military control over space is legitimized.
  • Explores the ways in which militarism and military activities control development, the use of space and our understanding of place.
  • Focuses on military lands, establishments and personnel in contemporary peacetime settings.
  • Uses examples from Europe, North America and Australasia.
  • Draws on original research into the mechanisms by which the British government manages the defence estate.
  • Illustrated with maps, plans and other figures.
military in society
November 2004

David Leonard

in Studies In Media & Information Literacy Education, vol 4, no. 4, 2004

Amid the cultural, political, and military shifts of post-9-11 American policy, the video game industry has responded with patriotic fervor and released a series of video war games. Virtual war games elicit support for the War on Terror and United States imperialism, providing space where Americans are able to play through their anxiety, anger, and racialized hatred. While commentators cite a post-September 11th climate as the reason for increasing interest and support for the U.S. military, this article underscores the importance of video games as part of the militarization of everyday life and offers insight into the increasingly close-knit relationship between the U.S. military, universities, and the video game industry. Because video games form an important pedagogical project of U.S. war practices, they must be critically analyzed.

military in society